Fertility Treatments: Know Your Options

Fertility Treatments: Know Your Options

If you are having trouble conceiving, you are not alone.

One in every ten couples experience infertility- or the disability to become pregnant after 12 months of trying. 

But there's never been more options available for those couples still wanting to conceive. With today's technology and better understanding of how to become pregnant, there are a multitude of fertility pills, drugs, supplements, and enhancements, one or both partners can take. 
Before your doctor prescribes a fertility drug, you will need to be diagnosed with why you are struggling to conceive. Every fertility drug responds differently to the body, so it is important to understand why you are experiencing a hard time becoming pregnant. 

Women are often prescribed fertility drugs when they experience one or more of the following: 
Ovulation Problems
Thyroid Disorders
Polycystic Ovary Syndrom
Eating Disorders
Weight Problems

The most common fertility drugs for women work by stimulating the ovaries to produce eggs and thus increasing your chances of conception. Other drugs may help prevent premature ovulation so that your body doesn't act too soon and decrease your odds of conception. Doctors may even prescribe a fertility drug that helps the body release multiple eggs, which could multiply your chances of pregnancy and of multiples! 

The two most often prescribed fertility drugs are Clomiphene and Gonadotropins. 
Clomiphene works by stimulating the hormones in your brain that trigger an egg to develop then be released by your ovaries. This drug is often given to women who do not ovulate regularly, or not at all. Clomiphene has about an 80% success rate in helping women ovulate and of that 50% will become pregnant within six cycles of the drug. 

Whereas Gonadotropins directly stimulates your ovaries to produce an egg. This drug is typically prescribed if clomiphene is not successful. It can also be taken if your body does not produce the hormones FSH and LH- the hormones needed for ovulation- naturally. Most women go through three-six cycles of gonadotropins. Those that do become pregnant while taking this drug, have a 30% rate of conceiving multiples. 

While these two fertility drugs are the most popularly prescribed, there are many other options available. Infertility drugs can result in pregnancy, but it's not 100% certain. Of the women who take either Clomid or Gonadotropins, half will ovulate and 50% of the women who ovulate will become pregnant. It is important to always talk to your healthcare provider to see which is best for you. While fertility treatments do help, there are always risks. Be open with your fertility specialist and ask questions about the safety and success rate of fertility drugs. 

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